Juvenile Inflammatory Arthritis (JIA) in Type 1 Diabetics

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Diabetes Type 1 and JIA

Type 1 diabetes occurs significantly more frequently in patients with Juvenile Inflammatory Arthritis (JIA) than in the general citizenry as per the new search from scientists. A better comprehension of the connection between diabetes and JIA can lead to new preventative and therapeutic interventions in both these diseases.

It is defined as chronic inflammation of the synovial joints, with unknown cause, which might start in children even as young as one year old, and lasts for at least six weeks. JIA causes pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints, and sometimes rash and temperature. Despite improvements in treatment, JIA can cause many kids to miss time and find it hard to take part in actions that are physical.

Previously few years, important advances have already been made in understanding the so called 'susceptibility' genes, which contribute to different autoimmune diseases. It is becoming clear that, despite the evident clinical differences between autoimmune diseases, they share several genetic risk factors. Adolescents and kids with JIA are consequently likely to develop other autoimmune diseases.

"We know there is an obvious increase in the prevalence of Juvenile Inflammatory Arthritis in young individuals with Type 1 diabetes in contrast to the general paediatric population," said Dr Kirsten Minden from the Rheumatism Research Centre, Berlin, Germany. The following step will be to investigate in detail the factors and mechanisms that link both disorders, and validate that these findings are pertinent to other geographic areas, where different environmental and genetic factors are at play. By better understanding this connection, we may have the capacity to develop new preventative and therapeutic interventions," Dr Minden reasoned. Get to know more about the symptoms of diabetes in men and women and follow the measures to control diabetes.